ADA Bathroom Layout: A Perfect Bathroom Style for the Disabled and Elderly

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standard American toilets

Disability or old age is not an option, but creating a comfortable and convenient atmosphere can be an option. When we see disabled or old-aged people trying their best to adjust to the surroundings, it becomes our responsibility to help them. We can not eliminate their pain, but we can make the environment convenient for them. According to modern builders and interior designers, they are coming up with new cultures. Whether it is a commercial place or contemporary homes, designers and house makers are adopting the ADA Bathroom layout.

Why do only commercial or public places have such a unique setup? When we adapt to everything new around us, let us try these  American standard toilets and Bathrooms in our houses as well.

Are you planning to redesign your bathrooms and toilet? How about adapting ADA bathrooms and toilets?  Following the ADA Regulations and Guidelines, you can make your bathrooms accessible for your old parents and anyone who is specially-abled at your home. . Today, in this blog, we will discuss the ADA rules and guidelines to create the best bathroom environment for your loved ones.  

What Is an ADA Bathroom Layout

ADA bathroom layout

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ADA stands for the Americans with Disabilities Act. This act was specially brought into consideration for all those people with disabilities who have to use public or commercial bathrooms or restrooms. The act assures some specific guidelines that every commercial and public toilet, bathroom, and restrooms must follow. 

ADA Bathroom Layout design is the perfect way to provide disabled people with the proper convenience and spacious access.  This act was specially brought into consideration after watching the struggle of disabled people. Since then, all the restrooms, bathrooms, and toilets started following the guidelines and the basic structure planned by the ADA. 

Importance of ADA Bathroom Layout Guidelines & Regulations

ADA bathroom layout

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In the year 1990, for the first time, these rules and guidelines were brought into consideration. The discomfort encountered amongst the disabled people forced the government and laws to ponder the situation. Later the regulations and procedures were made compulsory for the whole country to follow. 

ADA is the most respected civil rights law at the federal level, especially established to eliminate discrimination against disabled people in public and commercial places. 

According to the laws, every commercial and public place within the country must follow these rules and regulations as per the ADA Bathroom Layouts. The layout ensures all the essential considerations right from height, space, accessories, and accessible space. 

Thus, to maintain the comfort and accessibility for people with disabilities, ADA Bathroom Layout Guidelines and Regulations are essential. Now, let us read out the actual guidelines and regulations to understand them better. 

ADA Bathroom Layout Guidelines & Regulations

Reading out the details in different sections will help us to understand better. 

1. ADA Bathroom: Requirements of the Door

ADA bathroom layout

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Appropriate door size and access are a must. If the door size is inaccessible to people with disabilities, it turns out to be quite a challenge. Thus, the doors should open on both sides, inside and outside. It is just the same as any other American standard toilets and bathrooms.

– According to the ADA law of 2010, the bathroom and toilet doors suppose to be at least 81 cm (32 inches) wide. The moving Area should be a maximum of 30 cm (12 inches).

– The following specification is considered based on the space the wheelchairs would need to move in or out of the bathroom. 

As such, the height specifications are not guided, but the door’s depth should never exceed 61 cm (24 to 24.5 inches.)

Maintaining the above Guidelines will help easily access the door for moving in or out of the bathroom. 

2. ADA Bathroom Layout: Guideline for the Total Area

Access to the bathroom for people with disabilities or wheelchairs should always be easy. It should not be challenging. And when we speak of easy access, space or the area matters the most. According to wheelchair access, the bathroom is very important. 

Space should be sufficient near the toilet, sink, and shower areas. To understand it better, here are the details. 

Handicap Toilet Area:

ADA bathroom layout

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The toilet area should have complete access to space. 

– Minimum gap of 1.4m x 1.4m surrounding the toilet area. 

– The space between the toilet and the side walls must be 46cms. 

– The specified free space can allow easy access to the wheelchair to move freely. 

Center Space in the Bathroom:

ADA bathroom layout

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There should be sufficient space in the central bathroom. This will help the wheelchair to move freely. 

– Minimum of 1.5m space should be there according to the diameter of the wheelchair. 

– If you have a door opening inside the bathroom, a minimum 30cm space should be available for the door to swing open. 

Sink or Washbasin Area:

ADA toilet height

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The sink must have free space. To quickly move the wheelchair around the sink,  space should be maintained. 

– Clear space from the sink to the center area should be 1.2 meters minimum. 

– 76cm x 1.2m free space around the sink. 

– 46cm free space between the sidewalls and the sink for the wheelchairs to move freely. 

– 76cm wide space for the user to access the sink comfortably.

3. ADA Bathroom Layout: Shower and Bathtub Area

ADA toilet height

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ADA toilet height

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Usually, bathtubs are not seen in public or commercial bathrooms, but if you are considering one, following the specification are compulsory.

– Minimum clear space of 1.5m x 76cm to access around. 

– Installing a seat is compulsory so that 1.9m x 76cm free space is available. 

ADA Bathroom Layout has two sections of consideration for the shower area. They are:

– If the shower size is 76cm x 1.5m, the free space around the area must be 91cm x 1.5m.

– If the shower size is 91 by 91cm, the free space around the area must be 1.2m by 91cm. 

4. ADA Bathroom Layout: Sink Requirement

ADA toilet height

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ADA toilet height

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The sink height should never exceed 86cm (34 inches) in height from the floor. This is the minimum and the essential requirement. 

– If planning to completely redesign the bathroom sink, consider the thickness of the flooring and the tiles. 

– Free and clear space between the underneath of the sink and the flooring is supposed to be 69 cm.

– Ensuring safety is our responsibility. No sharp objects under the sink should be kept. This will help the user to access the sink freely and comfortably. 

5. ADA Bathroom Layout: Handicap Toilet Seat Requirement

accessible toilet

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accessible toilet

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According to the ADA Bathroom layout, the toilet height of the seat is the most important subject to consider. The safety, as well as the comfort, will be taken care of if the height is appropriately maintained.

– The dimension of the toilet seat should be  43cm to 48cm. Following this specification is compulsory.

– Positioning of the flush should be at the maximum height of 1.1m. It should be installed on the border side of the handicap toilet

-All these dimensions are compulsory follows. Clear space is also required for the wheelchairs to move freely. 

6. ADA Bathroom Layout: Requirements of the Bar

Every bar in the bathroom is at different levels of height. Maintain the height specification for better comfort of the user to access. 

Toilet Bars:

accessible toilet

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– According to the ADA toilet height, bars should be 84 to 91 cm high from the floor.

– Sidewall grabbing bars are supposed to be 1.4m long, and the wall bars are supposed to be 91 cm long. 

– These bars make the user comfortable if they want to change their positions. This is advisable if you have someone elderly in your family or the company. 

Bathing Area Bars:

accessible toilet

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– Bathing area bars are installed on the control walls at 84 to 91 cm of height from the flooring. 

– If you want to provide support on the sidewalls, a minimum of 1m long bars should be mounted. 

– Bath bars will help the user to have control over the grip and changing positions.  

7. ADA Bathroom Layout: Faucet Requirement

accessible toilet

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standard American toilets

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Without a faucet, the user will not be comfortable accessing the toilet. Thus, while installing and designing the faucet, ensure that the accessibility of disabled people is taken into consideration.   

– Install an electronic faucet, or push up a tap for the betterment of the user. 

– The position should be freely accessible. 

Also Read: 11 Exquisite Yet Affordable Mid Century Modern Bathroom Ideas

8. ADA Bathroom Layout: Requirement of the Mirrors

standard American toilets

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standard American toilets

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A bathroom without a mirror is incomplete. 

– According to the ADA guidelines, the mirrors should be 1m above the ground. 

– To maintain the comfort of other users, the mirror should be at the height of a minimum of 1.9m away from the floor if you are designing a shared bathroom. 

9. ADA Bathroom Layout: Floor and Tiles

standard American toilets

Source: simplyemma.co.uk

standard American toilets

Source: simplyemma.co.uk

The tiles and flooring have colossal importance. They provide a flat surface and grip for the users to access the space. 

– Try leveling the floor equally to maintain comfort for the people with disabilities. 

– Maintain the best thickness of the tiles to bear the load of the wheelchair.

– Install tiles with an accurate group for smooth movement of the wheelchair.

ADA Bathroom Layout – The Bottom Line

All that we discussed and read were the guidelines specially brought into considerations for the comfort and safety of people with disabilities. Every aspect of the bathrooms needs to carefully confirm. Avoid any sharp objects that can harm the user. 

Keep updating yourselves with the guidelines to avoid missing out on any of them. Mainly providing the proper amount of space is very important for easy access to the users with wheelchairs. Their safety and comfort are our responsibility. 

For more architectural guidance and home improvement ideas, keep coming to Interiorcraze.

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